Founded in the year 1820 by John Nelson Darby, Dwight Moody, Cyrus Scofield, J. Gresham Machen

This Major Sect is 199 years old.

The Fundamentals, financed by oil tycoons in 1915 were published in the English speaking world. The World Conference on Christian Fundamentals organized in 1919 to fight liberal American Protestantism. In 1920 Northern Baptists organized similarly.

Fundamentalists were born, and are one of the most influential groups of the 20th century. They span denominations, tend to be Congregationalist/Baptist in orientation and grew out of Evangelicalism. Dwight Moody was a leading figure. J Gresham Machen, not the actual founder, was a leading Fundamentalist. Many consider it an unadulterated Reformation religion relying on the writings of John Calvin and Martin Luther. Others claim it has existed since the time of Christ although often hidden.

It traces its roots to the Plymouth Brethren in England. The Brethren dismissed clergy and encouraged laity leadership. A key preacher was John Nelson Darby who stressed bible prophecy. Cyrus Scofield and his Reference Bible were also very instrumental.